Health risks and vaccinations in Tunisia

What are the health risks in Tunisia? Here is some information on the key risks and dietary precautions to take when visiting or living in Tunisia.

Peace of mind when visiting or living in tunisia

 
Major health risks in Tunisia
 
There are no major health risks in Tunisia.
However, insects are carriers of diseases such as:
- Leishmaniasis is present in the country (irregular bouts of fever, poor appetite, weight loss etc.). An anti-parasitic treatment will deal with this minor ailment.
- Flies can cause myiasis, (little worms which penetrate the skin). There is no danger from these larvae which eventually leave the body of their own accord.
- Leptospirosis, caused by a bacterium, is spread through contact with environments contaminated by infected animals. You should therefore be careful when bathing in fresh water.
 
Other infectious diseases have been identified in the country:
- Rabies is present in some areas of the country.
- The sirocco can cause meningococcal meningitis. It is advisable to vaccinate children and young adults.
- Measles
 
It is also important to remain vigilant with regard to STDs and AIDS: safe sex should be practised by using condoms, while needles and other medical equipment should be sterile.
 
Food risks in Tunisia
 
Hygiene is good in Tunisia but it is nevertheless advisable to:
- be careful with regard to hygiene in Tunisia, in particular:
- avoid drinking tap water or consuming water-based products (ice creams, sorbets, ice cubes) if you cannot be sure that they are made with mineral water.
- avoid undercooked or uncooked foods, especially meat or fish.
- Take anti-diarrhoea medication with you.
- Remember basic hygiene rules (wash your hands before meals) which can help you avoid diarrhoea or the dreaded “turista”. Although this disease is not serious, it can be very troublesome or get worse if not treated properly.
 

Vaccinations required in Tunisia

 
What vaccinations are required before traveling to Tunisia?
These are the recommended vaccinations for travel to Tunisia.

Protection against disease

There are no vaccinations needed in addition to those required in France.
Date of publication Jun 7 2012